Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, Northwestern India. It is 378 kilometres (235 mi) west of the state capital, Lucknow, 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi and 125 kilometres (78 mi) north of Gwalior. With a population of 1,686,993 (2013 est.), it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India.Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city. It is a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur.
Presenting 15 Rare & Old Photo’s of "The City of Taj Mahal" Agra| Part I
1# Agra Fort – c1908
2# A Gelatin Silver photo of Moti Masjid Agra, c.1900
3# Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience) in Fatehpur Sikri – Agra Late 19th Century
4# Entrance Gateway to the Taj Mahal,c.1863-1866
5# The Taj Mahal c.1890
6# Agra main street c.1858
7# A Mendicant monk blessing pilgrims c.1928
8# India Palace & Pearl Mosque in Agra c.1900
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9# Camel Carriage – Agra c1890's
10# Gateway of the Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah – Agra, c1860's
11# Laundry Day Along the Yamuna River Agra c.1932
12# Writing name on Taj Mahal – 1940s
13# Khas Mahal of Agra Fort – India 1875
14# Barbara Mullen wearing a bathing dress by Emilio of Capri (Pucci), Published in British Vogue Magazine – November 1956
15# British People in Hand Pulling Rickshaws – Agra 1902
Though Agra's history is largely recognised with Mughal Empire, the place was established much before it and has linkages since Mahabharat period and Mahirshi Angira in 1000 BC. It is generally accepted that Sultan Sikandar Lodī, the Ruler of the Delhi Sultanate founded Agra in the year 1504. After the Sultan's death the city passed on to his son Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodī. He ruled his Sultanate from Agra until he fell fighting to Bābar in the First battle of Panipat fought in 1526.
The Red fort, Agra, c. 1820
The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. It was known then as Akbarabād and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Emperors Akbar, Jahāngīr and Shāh Jahān. Shāh Jahān later shifted his capital to Shāhjahānabād in the year 1689.
Since Akbarabād was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals, it witnessed a lot of building activity. Babar, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, laid out the first formal Persian garden on the banks of river Yamuna. The garden is called the Arām Bāgh or the Garden of Relaxation. His grandson Akbar raised the towering ramparts of the Great Red Fort, besides making Agra a center for learning, arts, commerce and religion. Akbar also built a new city on the outskirts of Akbarabād called Fatehpūr Sikrī. This city was built in the form of a Mughal military camp in stone.
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