Haka War Dance History & Facts | Incredible New Zealand Rugby Photo

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In New Zealand it's become pretty common for most teams to do a pre-game Māori dance known as "haka" to strike fear into the hearts of their opponents, ESPECIALLY in rugby! New Zealand's war dance, the haka, was composed by the Maori tribe Ngati Toa's warrior chief Te Rauparaha in the early 19th century to celebrate the fiery warrior's escape from death in battle.

 

The Haka "Ka Mate Ka Mate" is a Maori war dance essentially from the Polynesian Maori culture, but no doubt we all have Haka within us all this is just how the Maori people express it. Samoa, Tonga Fiji all have one and when ever they compete in sport they perform these to each other its just the best to see that true Polynesian style!! no one does it better!! its an actual discipline that leads onto Healing practices and then Mamau (hand to hand combat) weaponry ie. Taiaha (fighting staff) Patu (hand wield fighting club and many others.

 

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It was New Zealand's All Blacks rugby team who made it world famous, performing the traditional dance spectacle before matches.

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Some view the eyeballing routine as an unsporting attempt to intimidate the opposition before the match begins.

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Not all opposition players embrace it. The 1996 Wallabies team chose to turn their backs on the haka and warm up in their own half before a clash in Wellington, an idea that backfired with a record 43-6 defeat.

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In 2008, Welsh players showed their disdain when at the end of the haka they refused to break from their linked arms and start the game.

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Instead, they stood, holding their opponents' gaze for two minutes, trying to stare down the All Blacks.

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This Getty photo from the aftermath of New Zealand's rugby win over England in the Hong Kong Sevens final is spectacular. The players doing the haka – a traditional Maori dance the team does before every game – in a driving rain storm.

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The New Zealand rugby team celebrated their last year win in the Sevens tournament in Hong Kong in their own unique way.

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They performed the Haka – shirtless, in the rain – after beating England 26-7.

 

ORIGIN OF THE HAKA:

According to Maori ethos, Tama-nui-to-ra, the Sun God, had two wives, Hine-raumati, the Summer maid, and Hine takurua, the Winter maid. The child born to him and Hine-raumati was Tane-rore, who is credited with the origin of the dance. Tane-rore is the trembling of the air as seen on the hot days of summer, and represented by the quivering of the hands in the dance.

Haka is the generic name for all Maori dance. Today, haka is defined as that part of the Maori dance repertoire where the men are to the fore with the women lending vocal support in the rear. Most haka seen today are haka taparahi, haka without weapons.

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More than any aspect of Maori culture, this complex dance is an expression of the passion, vigour and identity of the race. Haka is not merely a past time of the Maori but was also a custom of high social importance in the welcoming and entertainment of visitors. Tribal reputation rose and fell on their ability to perform the haka (Hamana Mahuika)

Haka reflected the concerns and issues of the time, of defiance and protest, of factual occurrences and events at any given time.

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HAKA HISTORY:

The centrality of the haka within All Black rugby tradition is not a recent development. Since an 1888 tour by the "New Zealand Natives" led by Joseph Warbrick the haka has been closely associated with New Zealand rugby. Its mystique has evolved along with the fierce determination, commitment and high level skill which has been the hallmark of New Zealand's National game.

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The haka adds a unique component, derived from the indigenous Maori of New Zealand, and which aligns with the wider Polynesian cultures of the Pacific.

The All Blacks perform the haka with precision and intensity which underpin the All Black approach.

 

1. Watch New Zealand perform World Cup winning Haka

[youtube width=”800″ height=”500″]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=igCXUATHoNs[/youtube]

All Blacks perform the Haka following their Rugby World Cup trophy presentation.


2. Watch The Greatest haka Dance EVER | New Zealand Vs France

[youtube width=”800″ height=”500″]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yiKFYTFJ_kw[/youtube]

Ahead of the final of Rugby World Cup 2011 in New Zealand, the French team formed an arrow as the All Blacks performed their pre-match tradition – the haka.

 

All these other people performing the haka is a version of the Maori Haka made famous by a Maori chief Te Rauparaha then later by the All Blacks rugby team Aotearoa (New Zealand)s No.1 sport and now it has become a symbol of Identity for all our nation.

 

Haka War Chant Lyrics

Ka mate Ka mate
It is death It is death

Ka ora Ka ora
It is life It is life
Ka mate Ka mate
It is death It is death

Ka ora Ka ora
It is life It is life

Tenei Te Tangata Puhuruhuru
This is the hairy man

Nana i tiki mai whakawhiti te ra
Who caused the sun to shine again for me

Upane Upane
Up the ladder Up the ladder

Upane Kaupane
Up to the top

Whiti te ra
The sun shines!

 

Another Version Of Haka War Song Lyrics

Slap the hands against the thighs!
Puff out the chest.
Bend the knees!
Let the hip follow!
Stomp the feet as hard as you can!
'I die, I die,
'I live, 'I live,
'I die, 'I die
'I live, 'I live,
This is the fierce, powerful man
…Who caused the sun to shine again for me
Up the ladder, Up the ladder
Up to the top
The sun shines!
Rise!

 

H/T: allblacks.com & theguardian.com

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