Fifteen years after the OECD Convention on Combating Foreign Bribery entered into force, there are still 22 countries with Little or No Enforcement and eight countries with only Limited Enforcement. As a result, the Convention’s fundamental goal of creating a corruption-free level playing field for global trade is still far from being achieved. The Convention will not reach this goal until the parties with lagging enforcement meet their commitments under the Convention. Foreign bribery is not an abstract phenomenon; it has damaging consequences in the form of contracts not going to the best qualified suppliers, prices often being inflated to cover bribe payments, environmental requirements not being enforced and taxes not being collected.
In order to achieve effective enforcement, joint civil society/business sector advocacy programmes should be conducted in countries with lagging enforcement.
There are a few improvements, but the performance of the majority of the 40 countries that agree to combat foreign bribery in international business transactions is far from satisfactory. Only two countries have improved since last year – Canada and New Zealand – and two countries have regressed, with Bulgaria and Denmark both dropping from the Limited Enforcement to the Little or No Enforcement category. The classification of other countries has not changed.
Read Complete Exporting Corruption: 2014 OECD Progress Report from Transparency International
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